Sharing the secret…
I honestly think that I have found the secret to happiness and I want to share it with you.
I just returned from Bhutan which is a tiny Buddhist Kingdom in the Himalayan mountains. Bhutan is nestled between India in the South and China in the North. With a population of 850,000 people, that’s smaller than Orlando. It is a country that is unlike any I’ve ever visited.
As soon as we got off the plane in Bhutan, I felt that I had arrived in an alternative universe.
- There are trees in every direction and the air smells sweet and fresh.
- Bhutan is known as a model of environmentalism.
- Their constitution requires them to preserve and maintain at least 60% of the country with full tree coverage.
- Right now, over 70% of the country is forested and this percentage is growing.
As a result of the percentage of tree cover and their use of hydro-electric power, Bhutan is carbon negative, meaning they absorb more carbon emissions than they produce. Beyond the environment, Bhutan is the first country in the world to adopt Gross National Happiness as the primary measurement of success.
Bhutan introduced the Gross National Happiness concept in 1972 to a chorus of international snickering but the philosophy has prevailed. As of 2011, the United Nations began publishing an annual Happiness Report which rates all UN member countries.
What I’ve told you so far is background. Here is what I identified in my quest to find the secret to happiness. After 21 days that included cultural lessons, visits to villages, schools, homes, temples and markets, two primary characteristics stood out as contributing to the happiness quotient:
1 — Simplicity of life
2 — Lack of individualism
Simplicity of life
Bhutan feels like a place where time stood still. It has never been invaded or colonized.
The Bhutanese monarchy, like protective parents, kept Bhutan free from western influence until 1974, when it opened its doors to tourism. Even then, the way of life continues to be protected:
- No McDonald’s
- No Starbucks
- No supermarkets
- No pets or pet food — That means all scraps of food are fed to the animals. It’s a Buddhist country so they don’t believe in killing animals. Cows and dogs and cats and humans enjoy a kind of peaceful coexistence.
- No skyscrapers
- No western architecture
- No billboards
- No guns
- No traffic lights
- Bhutan installed its first paved road in 1968
- They did not have banks until 1968
- They were the very last country to allow the internet and television and that wasn’t until 1999.
Bhutan is refreshingly void of some of the most familiar sights your eyes are drawn to when you visit a new country.
This limited exposure creates a simplicity of life, there is no yearning for things western or high tech. This feel of satisfaction lends itself to a more peaceful pace. Every house has a temple and every person takes some time to mediate daily.
Lack of individualism
Bhutan has had democratic elections since 2011, but they have carefully leveled the playing field.
- Candidates are allowed to campaign for only 30 days
- cannot accept any contributions or use their personal money.
The Government provides $5,000 to each candidate. That is the limit of money allowed to be used.
Another way that Bhutan reduces emphasis on the individual is the traditional Bhutanese dress. This “Bhutanese uniform” is required for all citizens. Children are required to wear it at school all adults must wear it at work, social gatherings and temples.
Traditional dress is a robe hand made of a with a specific Bhutanese pattern. Women wear the same material as long skirt with a closed silk jacket.
The king and the queen wear the same dress as the citizens. The dress code of Bhutan was introduced in the 17th century to reinforce uniformity. It is regal and scholarly.
In Bhutan, a person’s name is not a significant identifier. It doesn’t identify a person’s ethnic heritage or lineage as it can in the U.S. In fact, Bhutanese people do not have last names. They are given two names a birth and there are only 50 names, all gender-neutral, to choose from.
So imagine this, you’re running for office and you have the same amount of money, same outfit and the same name.
To western ears, that could sound a bit Orwellian. We are trained to strive for individual success. We’ve got to count on ourselves, the ideas of suppressing our individuality (eg. A mandatory dress code might sound repressive, and maybe it is).
Still, the contributing factors are broadly appealing:
- Simplicity of life
- Reduced sense of individual competition
I returned from the trip with a firm desire to distill and retain a small piece of wisdom. This is what I hope to share with you:
May happiness be with you all!